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The Word on Herbs

Herbs. They’re colourful, flavour-packed, add freshness, and at Dineamic we think they’re pretty damn awesome. Our love for these leafy additions goes beyond the flavour factor too, because from a nutrition perspective they do some great things for your body.

Some preliminary studies have shown that herbs may:

  • Aid in the prevention and management of diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.
  • Increase the availability and absorption of nutrients when combined in g. a salad dressing (1).
  • Help reduce salt intake by adding flavour to meals rather than needing to add extra salt. We all love less salt because less salt means less risk of hypertension and chronic kidney disease (yay!).

Everyone has their favourite herbs, and those they avoid like the plague (coriander for example), so here are the ones we love the most and why:

Basil

Often used in Mediterranean dishes, basil in addition to other herbs may explain some of the protective effects of the diet against heart disease and cancer (8). It has also been shown to have anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties through its high concentration of essential oils and phytochemicals throughout the leaves, stem, flower and seeds (9).

Parsley

Traditionally used as a diuretic, parsley has been shown to ease bloating and aid abdominal discomfort (10). It acts as a natural deodorizer and reduces bad breath through its anti-microbial properties (11) and has a high concentration of flavonoid antioxidants that helps fight oxidative stress and inflammation in the body.

Coriander

Also known as Cilantro or Chinese Parsley, you either love it or hate it, and studies even suggest it may be related to a gene that controls our sense of taste and reaction to pungent chemicals (2-4), in other words, you might be genetically predisposed to hate it. Nevertheless, coriander once traditionally used to relieve nausea, indigestion, gas, and bloating has also been shown to prevent oxidative damage (5), display antimicrobial properties (6) and have neurological benefits (7).

Leftovers

Anyone else notice that when you buy a bunch of herbs for a recipe, you use about ¼ & then don’t know what to do with the rest? Ok… good, it’s not just us. At $2-$3 a bunch, you don’t want to throw them out, so instead add them to more of your cooking OR freeze them! Yep, that’s right, all herbs can be frozen. Give them a rough chop, put them, in an icecube tray then add in a little water before popping them in the freezer. Then just use them as you need.
Alternatively, you can dry your own, simply hang the bunch upside down in a warm area then transfer to an airtight container.

Fresh or Dried?

We’ve already spoken about freezing, but what about dried herbs? We’d hazard a guess that most people have a jar of dried mixed herbs in their pantry. But do you ever really wonder how good they are for you? The answer to that might surprise you!

Dried herbs are often processed immediately after harvesting so degradation of the herb is reduced keeping the polyphenols, flavonoids and antioxidants intact (basically, all the good stuff in them, stays good). Just make sure you’re using your dried herbs within a year for max flavour & nutritional value.

Dried herbs are great when added during cooking to infuse as they have a more concentrated flavour, but fresh is best as a garnish, in salads. 

Handy Tip on Dried, Fresh or Ground herbs.

So that’s it! The quick word on herbs. We’re sure you love them as much as we do, but hopefully not that you know a little more you’ll up your intake of these power plants!

Let us know in the comments what your favourites are and how you like to use them, whether it’s in salads, smoothies, or even sorbet (strawberry & basil anyone?).

 

References

  1. Ninfali P, Mea G, Giorgini S, et al. Antioxidant capacity of vegetables, spices and dressings relevant to nutrition. Br J Nutr 2005; 93: 257-266.
  2. Hayes JE, Feeney EL, Allen AL. Do polymorphisms in chemosensory genes matter for human ingestive behaviorFood Qual Prefer. 2013;30:202–216.
  3. Eriksson N, Wu S, Do C, et al. A genetic variant near olfactory receptor genes influences cilantro preference. Flavour. 2012;1:22–29.
  4. Knaapila A, Hwang LD, Lysenko A, et al. Genetic analysis of chemosensory traits in human twins. Chem Senses. 2012;37:869–881.
  5. Chitra V, Leelamma S. Coriandrum sativum changes the levels of lipid peroxides and activity of antioxidant enzymes in experimental animals. Ind J Biochem Biophys. 1999;36:59–61.
  6. Hosseinzadeh H, Alaw Qotbi AA, Seidavi A, Norris D, Brown D. Effects of different levels of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) seed powder and extract on serum biochemical parameters, microbiota, and immunity in broiler chicks. Sci World J. 2014;2014:628979.
  7. Höferl M, Krist S, Buchbauer G. Chirality influences the effects of linalool on physiological parameters of stress. Plant Med. 2006;72:1188–1192.
  8. Keys A. Seven countries: a multivariate analysis of death and coronary heart disease. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1980.
  9. Dasgupta T, Rao AR, Yadava PK. Chemomodulatory efficacy of basil leaf (Ocimum basilicum) on drug-metabolizing and antioxidant enzymes, and on carcinogen-induced skin and forestomach papillomagenesis. Phyto-medicine 2004; 11: 139-15
  10. Kreydiyyeh SI1, Usta J. Diuretic effect and mechanism of action of parsley. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002 Mar;79(3):353-7.
  11. Lodhia P1, Yaegaki K, Khakbaznejad A, Imai T, Sato T, Tanaka T, Murata T, Kamoda T. Effect of green tea on volatile sulfur compounds in mouth air. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 2008 Feb;54(1): 89-94.

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